Table 1

List of selected guidelines, frameworks, training resources and toolkits relevant to PIL co-design

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA)Best practice guidance on patient information leaflets (PILs)
NHS DigitalCreating better content for users with low literacy
NHS EnglandDesign principles: NHS digital service manual
NHS EnglandAccessible Information Standard
Patient Information Forum (PIF) TickTrusted information toolkit for healthcare professionals
Health Education EnglandHealth literacy ‘how to’ guide
Health Education England, Health Dialogues, NHS England Department of Health, Lancashire Care NHS Foundation TrustMaking Every Contact Count (MECC) /
NHS England Department of Health and Social CareB1762: Guidance on working in partnership with people and communities
Alexandra Freeman. Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin 2019; 57:119–124How to communicate evidence to patients
Academy of Medical Royal CollegesPlease, write to me: Writing outpatient clinic letters to patients Guidance