Table 2

Costs of physical disability per annum by age, severity of disability and employment status (2018, US$)

Age (years)/severity groupHealthcare costs*
(mean (lower and upper boundaries))
Social costs
(mean (lower and upper boundaries))
Total costs (mean (lower and upper boundaries))
Hospital services costsCommunity services costsTreatment/aids/adaptations costsTotal healthcare costsAccommodation costs†Education costs‡Daytime activities costs§Income support Carer costs** Loss of productivity Total social costs(Healthcare and social costs)
Children 0–17/severe at home$16 118
(0–31 141)
$5984
(5984)
$28 296
(25 310–31 388)
$50 398
(31 294–68 513)
$0
(0)
$12 418
(1179–23 657)
$0
(0)
$12 220
(12 220)
$64 286
(10 601–117 971)
$24 988
(24 988)
$113 911
(48 987–178 836)
$164 309
(80 280–247 348)
Children 0–17/severe in hospital$775 850
(627 516–924 184)
$10 549
(10 549)
$17 374
(8842–26 000)
$803 773
(646 907–960 733)
$0
(0)
$7795
(0–16 726)
$0
(0)
$12 220
(12 220)
$49 686
(7693–94 488)
$30 234
(30 234)
$99 935
(50 147–153 668)
$903 708
(697 054–1 114 401)
Young adults 18–29/employed$164
(164)
$1914
(578–2846)
$1682
(639–2562)
$3760
(1381–5572)
$2955
(2648–3568)
$0
(0)
$889
(0–1992)
$365
(365)
$12 814
(0–20 511)
$14 494
(10 981–17 711)
$31 516
(13 994-44 147)
$35 276
(15 375–49 719)
Young adults 18–29/unemployed$164
(164)
$1914
(578–2846)
$1682
(639–2562)
$3760
(1381–5572)
$2955
(2648–3568)
$2919
(0–4379)
$1992
(1992)
$8236
(8236)
$12 814
(0–20 511)
$44 354
(20 988–62 557)
$73 269
(33 863–101 243)
$77 029
(35 244–106 815)
Adults 30–60/employed$7752
(7752)
$219
(0–353)
$1682
(639–2562)
$9652
(8390–10 666)
$2955
(2648–3568)
$0
(0)
$889
(0–1992)
$365
(365)
$12 814
(0–20 511)
$14 494
(10 981–17 711)
$31 516
(13 994–44 147)
$41 168
(22 384–54 814)
Adults 30–60/unemployed$7752
(7752)
$219
(0–353)
$1682
(639–2562)
$9652
(8390–10 666)
$2955
(2648–3568)
$0
(0)
$1992
(1992)
$8236
(8236)
$12 814
(0–20 511)
$44 354
(20 988–62 557)
$70 350
(33 863–96 864)
$80 002
(42 253–107 530)
  • *All healthcare costs (hospital, community and treatment) were inflated to 2018 prices using country-specific OECD all items non-food, non-energy Consumer Price Indexes.25

  • †Accommodation costs were inflated to 2018 prices using country-specific OECD all items non-food, non-energy Consumer Price Indexes.25

  • ‡Education costs were inflated to 2018 prices using country-specific OECD all items non-food, non-energy Consumer Price Indexes.25

  • §Daytime activities costs were inflated to 2018 prices using country-specific OECD all items non-food, non-energy Consumer Price Indexes.25

  • ¶Income support and loss of productivity costs were inflated to 2018 prices using the public and private all industries Australian Wage Price Index (December 2018) for costs originally reported in Australian dollars26 or a ratio of average annual nominal earnings for the years of interest for costs originally reported in British pound sterling,27 or a ratio of the average hourly nominal production workers compensation for the years of interest for costs originally reported in US dollars,28 or a ratio of the gross average monthly wages for the costs originally reported in Euros.29

  • **Carer costs (composed of informal care, external care and out-of-pocket costs) were inflated to 2018 prices using the public and private all industries Australian Wage Price Index (December 2018) for costs originally reported in Australian dollars26 or a ratio of average annual nominal earnings for the years of interest for costs originally reported in British pound sterling,27 or a ratio of the average hourly nominal production workers compensation for the years of interest for costs originally reported in US dollars,28 or a ratio of the gross average monthly wages for the costs originally reported in Euros29 (informal and external carer costs), or using country-specific OECD all items non-food, non-energy Consumer Price Indexes25 (out-of-pocket costs).

  • OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development.