Variable | Non-SHOX | SHOX | Turner syndrome | p Value Non-SHOX vs SHOX | p Value Turner syndrome vs SHOX |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

BMI, body–mass index; LWS, Léri-Weill syndrome; SDS, standard deviation score; SHOX, short-stature homeobox containing gene; TH, target height. | |||||

Continuous variables are shown as mean standard deviation (SD). p Values of categorical variables were calculated by Fisher’s exact test and of continuous variables by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (two-sided p values). | |||||

N | 1540 | 68 | 33 | ||

Males/females (%) | 60/40 | 46/54 | 0/100 | 0.023 | |

LWS (%) | 1.5 | 48.5 | <0.001 | ||

Age (years) | 7.7 (2.4) | 7.4 (2.5) | 7.2 (2.0) | 0.311 | 0.767 |

Height SDS | –3.4 (1.0) | –3.4 (1.1) | –3.8 (0.8) | 0.997 | 0.104 |

BMI SDS | –0.6 (1.4) | +0.4(1.1) | –0.3 (1.2) | <0.001 | 0.023 |

TH SDS | –1.3 (1.0) | –1.5 (1.3) | –0.6 (1.3) | 0.205 | <0.001 |

Height SDS – TH SDS | –2.1 (1.2) | –1.9 (1.1) | –3.1 (1.0) | 0.156 | <0.001 |