Table 5

Pathology of examined cases14,18,22–25,27–33,35–38,40,41

No of patients
Biopsy or necropsy findingsAbnormalNormal
Small intestine
    Villous atrophy or mucosal erosion25
    Lamina propria expansion11
    Inflammatory infiltrate19
        Plasma cells6
    Crypts, absent or decreased54
    Paneth or argentaffin cells, absent or decreased4
    Abnormal nuclear polarity2
    Immature/foregut appearance4
Large intestine3
    Mucosal erosion or oedema5
    Goblet cells, decreased1
    Crypt abscesses3
Pancreas
    Exocrine deficiency or immature lobules34
    Acini, atrophy, fibrotic, dilated, or cystic72
    Ducts, increased or dilated3
    Islets of Langerhans, decreased or absent82
    Inflammation13
Liver
    Fatty change6
    Cholestasis5
    Cholangitis/pericholangitis42
Thyroid, infiltrates31
Thymus, atrophy3
Lymph nodes, follicular/reactive hyperplasia42
Lung
    Consolidation4
    Haemorrhage1
    Inflammation5
Kidney
    Interstitial fibrosis and inflammation3
    Immune glomerulopathy1