Background Oculopharyngodistal myopathy (OPDM) is a rare adult-onset neuromuscular disease, associated with CGG repeat expansions in the 5′ untranslated region of LRP12, GIPC1, NOTCH2NLC and RILPL1. However, the genetic cause of a proportion of pathoclinically confirmed cases remains unknown.
Methods A total of 26 OPDM patients with unknown genetic cause(s) from 4 tertiary referral hospitals were included in this study. Clinical data and laboratory findings were collected. Muscle samples were observed by histological and immunofluorescent staining. Long-read sequencing was initially conducted in six patients with OPDM. Repeat-primed PCR was used to screen the CGG repeat expansions in LOC642361/NUTM2B-AS1 in all 26 patients.
Results We identified CGG repeat expansion in the non-coding transcripts of LOC642361/NUTM2B-AS1 in another two unrelated Chinese cases with typical pathoclinical features of OPDM. The repeat expansion was more than 70 times in the patients but less than 40 times in the normal controls. Both patients showed no leucoencephalopathy but one showed mild cognitive impairment detected by Montreal Cognitive Assessment. Rimmed vacuoles and p62-positive intranuclear inclusions (INIs) were identified in muscle pathology, and colocalisation of CGG RNA foci with p62 was also found in the INIs of patient-derived fibroblasts.
Conclusions We identified another two unrelated cases with CGG repeat expansion in the long non-coding RNA of the LOC642361/NUTM2B-AS1 gene, presenting with a phenotype of OPDM. Our cases broadened the recognised phenotypic spectrum and pathogenesis in the disease associated with CGG repeat expansion in LOC642361/NUTM2B-AS1.
- neuromuscular diseases
- nervous system diseases
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request. All data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding authors upon reasonable request.
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