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Original research
PSMD3 gene mutations cause pathological myopia


Purpose Genetic factors play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of pathological myopia (PM). However, the exact genetic mechanism of PM remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the candidate mutation of PM in a Chinese family and explore the potential mechanism.

Methods We performed exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing in a Chinese family and 179 sporadic PM cases. The gene expression in human tissue was investigated by RT-quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and immunofluorescence. Cell apoptotic rates were tested by annexin V-APC/7AAD and flow cytometry. Psmd3 knock-in mice with point mutation were generated for measuring myopia-related parameters.

Results We screened a novel PSMD3 variant (c.689T>C; p.F230S) in a Chinese family with PM, and another rare mutation (c.1015C>A; p.L339M) was identified in 179 unrelated cases with PM. RT-qPCR and immunofluorescence confirmed the expression of PSMD3 in human eye tissue. Mutation of PSMD3 decreased the mRNA and protein expression, causing apoptosis of human retinal pigment epithelial cells. In in vivo experiments, the axial length (AL) of mutant mice increased significantly compared with that of wild-type mice (p<0.001).

Conclusions A new potential pathogenic gene, PSMD3, in a PM family was identified, and it may be involved in the elongation of AL and the development of PM.

  • Eye Diseases
  • Genetics
  • Point Mutation

Data availability statement

All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information. Not applicable.

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