Germline (likely) pathogenic TP53 variants cause Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), typically associated with sarcoma, brain, breast and adrenal tumours. Although classical LFS is highly penetrant, the p.R337H variant, common in Brazil, is typically associated with childhood adrenal tumours and an older onset age of other LFS tumours. Previously, we reported the finding of p.P152L in 6 children from 5 families with adrenal tumours. We have now assessed cancer risks over the subsequent 23 years, and in one further family with p.P152L. Cancer risks were compared with those in the 11 families known to our service with classical dominant negative mutations affecting neighbouring codons 245 and 248 (codon 245/248).
Compared with codon 245/248 families, we found lower age-related risks for all non-adrenal tumours in codon 152 families (p<0.0001) with an absence of breast cancer as compared with 100% penetrance by age 36 years in codon 245/248 families (p<0.0001), and lower rates of sarcoma in non-irradiated individuals (p=0.0001). Although there were more adrenal tumours in codon 152 families (6/26 individuals, 1/27 for codon 245/248), this was not significant (p=0.05).
Understanding codon-specific cancer risks in LFS is important for accurate personalised cancer risk assessment, and subsequent prevention and early detection strategies.
- genetics, medical
- mutation, missense
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