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Expanding the clinical spectrum of recessive truncating mutations of KLHL7 to a Bohring-Opitz-like phenotype
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  • Published on:
    Novel biallelic truncating mutation in KLHL7 causing recessive Bohring-Opitz syndrome with central apnea
    • Monisha S. Kisling, Genetic Counselor Division of Genetics & Metabolism, Children's National Health System
    • Other Contributors:
      • Carlos R. Ferreira, Medical Geneticist

    We read with interest the case series of 6 patients with Bohring-Opitz syndrome (BOS) phenotype who were found to have autosomal recessive truncating mutations in the KLHL7 gene[1]. The purpose of this letter is to report a novel truncating mutation in KLHL7, and to expand the phenotype of recessive KLHL7 variants.
    Our patient is a now 32-month-old male of Guatemalan descent who was born at 37 weeks’ gestation after a pregnancy complicated by fetal hydronephrosis, IUGR, and maternal hypertension. Birthweight was 2.5 kg, and he failed the neonatal hearing screen bilaterally. He was admitted to the NICU for desaturation events and was treated with supplemental oxygen. Polysomnography was performed at 4 weeks of life and identified central sleep apnea, with a central apnea index of 11 events/hour and no significant obstructive component. PHOX2B testing ruled out congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. A brain MRI demonstrated hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, delayed myelination, pontine hypoplasia, and subependymal nodular heterotopia along the lateral ventricles. A chromosome microarray was negative for deletions and duplications, though it indicated multiple areas of homozygosity (combined total length ~24 Mb).
    He demonstrated some neck control at 3 months of age, and at age 2 years was able to roll for mobility. He remains nonverbal, tracheosteomy- and gastrostomy tube-dependent. Kyphoscoliosis was noted at 11 months of age and is progressing. He is also...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.