Background Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere (BVVL) syndrome is a rare disorder characterised by progressive pontobulbar palsy and sensorineural deafness. Causative mutations in genes encoding human riboflavin transporter 2 (hRFT2) and 3 (hRFT3) have been identified in BVVL patients.
Methods and results We report the clinical and molecular features of a severe BVVL patient in whom screening of SLC52A3/hRFT2 was negative. Sequence analysis identified two novel compound heterozygous mutations in SLC52A2/hRFT3, namely c.155C>T and c.1255G>A, leading to the amino acid changes p.S52F and p.G419S, respectively. Functional studies show that these defects impair the gene expression of the corresponding transporter, resulting in a significant reduction of riboflavin transport.
Conclusions These findings support the pathogenetic role of SLC52A2/hRFT3 in BVVL with important clinical and therapeutic implications.
- Neuromuscular disease
- Motor neurone disease
- Metabolic disorders
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.