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Public funding for genomics: where does Canada stand?
  1. Constantin Polychronakos
  1. Correspondence to Dr Constantin Polychronakos, Department of Pediatrics/Human Genetics, The McGill University Health Centre, 2300 Tupper Street, Montreal QC H3H 1P3, Canada; constantin.polychronakos{at}

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After more than six years of funding exclusive projects in forestry and agriculture, Genome Canada has now announced a $67.5 million funding competition for large-scale genomics projects in human health, with focus on personalised medicine.i The human genomics community of this country understandably rejoiced at this long overdue announcement that gives them, for the first time in years, the means to compete internationally ( Canada has been fairly generous in funding human-health related research but mostly through the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) or the Canada Foundation for Innovation, neither of which has within its mandate to fund the type of specific multimillion-dollar project that is usually thought of as genomics. The typical CIHR grant, for example, rarely exceeds $1 million (200 000 over 5 years) in direct costs.

The elation over the announcement of this funding opportunity in late 2011 soon gave way to sober reflection when prospective applicants started looking at the fine print. The terms of reference made it clear that this is a call for proposals with a very strong utilitarian angle, ‘capable of concrete deliverables by the end of the funding period that will have clinical utility and/or practical applicability’ and ‘social and/or economic benefits … realised within a short time-frame after the end of the project’, to quote from the official announcement. The funding period is four years (only coincidentally, I am sure, the time to the next federal election). How short the additional ‘short time-frame’ might be, is left to interpretation but the context leaves little doubt that it cannot be more than a couple of years. How else can applicants ‘… demonstrate end-user engagement in the development and execution of the research plan’? Examples of end-users whose interest must be attracted sufficiently for them to participate in the ‘execution of the research’ and be …

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  • i Parenthentically, I find the term ‘personalised medicine’ ill-conceived. Medicine should always be personalised; we treat persons, not livers, lungs or hearts. We treat persons even when we lump together distinct molecular pathologies under the same diagnostic label. A more appropriate term for tailoring health care to the particularities of the individual would be ‘individualised’ medicine.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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