Background Meningiomas have been reported to occur in approximately 50% of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients. The NF2 gene is commonly biallelically inactivated in both schwannomas and meningiomas. The spectrum of NF2 mutations consists mainly of truncating (nonsense and frameshift) mutations. A smaller number of patients have missense mutations, which are associated with a milder disease phenotype.
Methods This study analysed the cumulative incidence and gender effects as well as the genotype–phenotype correlation between the position of the NF2 mutation and the occurrence of cranial meningiomas in a cohort of 411 NF2 patients with proven NF2 mutations.
Results and conclusion Patients with mutations in exon 14 or 15 were least likely to develop meningiomas. Cumulative risk of cranial meningioma to age 50 years was 70% for exons 1–3, 81% for exons 4–6, 49% for exons 7–9, 56% for exons 10–13, and 28% for exons 14–15. In the cohort of 411 patients, no overall gender bias was found for occurrence of meningioma in NF2 disease. Cumulative incidence of meningioma was close to 80% by 70 years of age for both males and females, but incidence by age 20 years was slightly increased in males (male 25%, female 18%; p=0.023). Conversely, an increased risk of meningiomas in women with mosaic NF2 disease was also found.
- mutation position effect
- clinical genetics
- genetic epidemiology
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Funding NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.