l-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (l-2-HGA) is a neurometabolic disorder that produces a variety of clinical neurological deficits, including psychomotor retardation, seizures and ataxia. The biochemical hallmark of l-2-HGA is the accumulation of l-2-hydroxyglutaric acid (l-2-HG) in cerebrospinal fluid, plasma and urine. Mutations within the gene L2HGDH (Entrez Gene ID 79944) on chromosome 14q22 encoding L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid dehydrogenase have recently been shown to cause l-2-HGA in humans. Using a candidate gene approach in an outbred pet dog population segregating l-2-HGA, the causal molecular defect was identified in the canine homologue of L2HGDH and characterised. DNA sequencing and pedigree analysis indicate a common founder effect in the canine model. The canine model shares many of the clinical and MRI features of the disease in humans and represents a valuable resource as a spontaneous model of l-2-HGA.
- GC, gas chromatography
- l-2-HG, l-2-hydroxyglutaric acid
- l-2-HGA, l-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria
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Competing interests: None declared.