Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Paternal uniparental disomy in monozygotic twins discordant for hemihypertrophy
  1. P M H West1,
  2. D R Love2,
  3. P M Stapleton3,
  4. I M Winship1
  1. 1Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1001, New Zealand
  2. 2School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland 1001, New Zealand
  3. 3DNA Diagnostics Ltd, Auckland 1001, New Zealand
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr I M Winship, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1001, New Zealand;

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Hemihypertrophy, or hemihyperplasia, is a condition in which there may be asymmetrical overgrowth of the cranium, face, trunk, and/or limbs on one side of the body.1 There may also be asymmetrical visceromegaly on the ipsilateral or contralateral side.2 Hemihypertrophy may occur in isolation, hence the term “isolated hemihypertrophy (IH)”, or as part of a number of overgrowth syndromes in which other characteristic clinical features are present. Such syndromes include neurofibromatosis, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome, McCune-Albright syndrome, and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS).1

The incidence of IH is ∼1/86 000 live births,3 with a male:female ratio of 1:2.1 The aetiology of IH is unknown. A number of different chromosomal anomalies, including diploid-triploid mosaicism and trisomy 18 mosaicism, have been identified, and the causes of IH are likely to be heterogeneous.2 It has been suggested that IH may be one end of the spectrum of phenotypes of BWS, linked to the chromosomal locus 11p15.1

Here we report a case of apparently isolated hemihypertrophy in one of a pair of monozygotic twins, with paternal uniparental disomy in an area of the 11p15 locus associated with BWS.


The subjects of the study are a pair of female twins, one of whom (twin 2) has hemihypertrophy. Twin 1 has a normal physical appearance.

The twins were born at 36 weeks of gestation by normal vaginal delivery. Twin 1 weighed 2730 g and twin 2 weighed 3205 g. Apgar score at birth was 10 for each girl. Twin 1 fed well and gained weight as expected with no neonatal problems. Twin 2 initially failed to pass meconium and was intolerant of feeds. She was noted to have hemihypertrophy affecting the right leg and arm and an ultrasound scan showed enlargement of the right kidney. She was given a glycerine suppository and passed meconium …

View Full Text