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Editor—At least 168 cases with a supernumerary marker chromosome (SMC) from all chromosomes not including chromosome 15 have been documented.1 Birth prevalence is estimated at 0.14 to 0.72 per 1000.2 Subjects with a SMC have a partial trisomy (duplication) and in some cases a partial tetrasomy (triplication) of the genetic material contained in the SMC. The risk of an abnormal phenotype associated with a randomly ascertained de novo SMC derived from acrocentric autosomes (excluding chromosome 15) is estimated to be approximately 7% compared with approximately 28% for SMCs derived from non-acrocentric autosomes.1 The great variability of clinical findings in patients with SMCs originating from the same chromosome is probably the result of variation in size and genetic content, the degree of mosaicism, and uniparental disomy of the normal homologues of the chromosome from which the SMC derived.
Evidence that subjects with SMCs might have an increased risk for UPD of the structurally normal homologues of the SMCs has been reported by several authors. To the best of our knowledge the coexistence of SMCs with UPD has been described for chromosomes 6, 7, 15, 20, and X.3-7 Here, we describe a further patient with multiple congenital anomalies, developmental delay, and the unique finding of coexistence of SMC 1 mosaicism and maternal uniparental disomy 1.
The female patient was born at term after an uneventful pregnancy. At her birth, her mother was 33 years old and her father was 47 years old. Birth weight was 2500 g and length 49 cm. At the age of 6 years, she was investigated because of mental retardation. Height (1.14 m) and weight (17 kg) were within the normal range, but head circumference (44 cm) was far below the 3rd centile. Additional findings were temporal narrowing, downward slanting palpebral fissures, …
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