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Applications of comparative genomic hybridisation in constitutional chromosome studies
  1. Claire J Breena,b,
  2. Lynn Bartona,
  3. Aiveen Careya,
  4. Adam Dunlopa,
  5. Mary Glancya,
  6. Keara Halla,
  7. Anne Marie Hegartya,
  8. M Tariq Khokhara,
  9. Monica Powera,
  10. Karen Ryana,
  11. Andrew J Greena,c,
  12. Raymond L Stallingsa,c
  1. aNational Centre for Medical Genetics, Our Lady’s Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland, bChildren’s Medical and Research Foundation, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland, cFaculty of Medicine, University College Dublin, Ireland
  1. Dr Stallings.


G band cytogenetic analysis often leads to the discovery of unbalanced karyotypes that require further characterisation by molecular cytogenetic studies. In particular, G band analysis usually does not show the chromosomal origin of small marker chromosomes or of a small amount of extra material detected on otherwise normal chromosomes. Comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH) is one of several molecular approaches that can be applied to ascertain the origin of extra chromosomal material. CGH is also capable of detecting loss of material and thus is also applicable to confirming or further characterising subtle deletions. We have used comparative genomic hybridisation to analyse 19 constitutional chromosome abnormalities detected by G band analysis, including seven deletions, five supernumerary marker chromosomes, two interstitial duplications, and five chromosomes presenting with abnormal terminal banding patterns. CGH was successful in elucidating the origin of extra chromosomal material in 10 out of 11 non-mosaic cases, and permitted further characterisation of all of the deletions that could be detected by GTG banding. CGH appears to be a useful adjunct tool for either confirming deletions or defining their breakpoints and for determining the origin of extra chromosomal material, even in cases where abnormalities are judged to be subtle. We discuss internal quality control measures, such as the mismatching of test and reference DNA in order to assess the quality of the competitive hybridisation effect on the X chromosome.

  • comparative genomic hybridisation
  • constitutional chromosome studies

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