Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Severe phenotype resulting from an active ring X chromosome in a female with a complex karyotype: characterisation and replication study.
  1. C Stavropoulou,
  2. C Mignon,
  3. B Delobel,
  4. A Moncla,
  5. D Depetris,
  6. M F Croquette,
  7. M G Mattei
  1. INSERM U491, Faculté de Médecine Timone, Marseille, France.


    We report on the characterisation of a complex chromosome rearrangement, 46,X,del(Xq)/47,X,del(Xq),+r(X), in a female newborn with multiple malformations. Cytogenetic and molecular methods showed that the del(Xq) contains the XIST locus and is non-randomly inactivated in all metaphases. The tiny r(X) chromosome gave a positive FISH signal with UBE1, ZXDA, and MSN cosmid probes, but not with a XIST cosmid probe. Moreover, it has an active status, as shown by a very short (three hour) terminal BrdU pulse followed by fluorescent anti-BrdU antibody staining. The normal X is of paternal origin and both rearranged chromosomes originate from the same maternal chromosome. We suggest that both abnormal chromosomes result from the three point breakage of a maternal isodicentric idic(X)(q21.1). Finally, the phenotype of our patient is compared to other published cases and, despite the absence of any 45,X clone, it appears very similar to those with a 45,X/46,X,r(X) karyotype where the tiny r(X) is active.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.