Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Cebocephaly, alobar holoprosencephaly, spina bifida, and sirenomelia in a stillbirth.
  1. C P Chen,
  2. S L Shih,
  3. F F Liu,
  4. S W Jan
  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.


    Cebocephaly and sirenomelia are uncommon birth defects. Their association is extremely rare; however, the presence of spina bifida with both conditions is not unexpected. We report on a female still-birth with cebocephaly, alobar holoprosencephaly, cleft palate, lumbar spina bifida, sirenomelia, a single umbilical artery, and a 46,XX karyotype, but without maternal diabetes mellitus. Our case adds to the examples of overlapping cephalic and caudal defects, possibly related to vulnerability of the midline developmental field or axial mesodermal dysplasia spectrum.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

    Linked Articles