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Karyotype 69,XXX/47,XX,+15 in a 2 1/2 year old child.
  1. J Dean,
  2. G Cohen,
  3. J Kemp,
  4. L Robson,
  5. V Tembe,
  6. J Hasselaar,
  7. B Webster,
  8. A Lammi,
  9. A Smith
  1. Department of Haematology, New Children's Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, Australia.


    We present the clinical findings in a 2 1/2 year old girl with an unusual mosaic karyotype. Amniocentesis was performed at 35 weeks because of intrauterine growth retardation. The in situ cultures showed 47,XX,+15 in seven colonies, 69,XXX in four colonies, and in two colonies 46,XX was detected. Subcultures showed 69,XXX/47,XX,+15 with no normal cells. A small dysmorphic baby was born at term. Cytogenetic studies were performed on cord blood, amnion, and placental tissue immediately after birth and further studies on peripheral blood, bone marrow, muscle biopsy, and skin cultures at 1 1/2 years of age. FISH with two autosomal centromeric probes was performed on the peripheral blood sample. A normal cell line could not be seen in any postnatal tissue by either technique. The predominant cell line postnatally was 69,XXX. There were no cytogenetic polymorphisms and the parental origin of the different cell lines was not determined. Marked red cell macrocytosis of peripheral blood was noted on routine blood count. Bone marrow aspiration showed megaloblastic haemopoiesis without evidence of vitamin B12 or folate deficiency. At 2 1/2 years, the patient has significant developmental problems.

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