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The Irish cystic fibrosis database.
  1. S M Cashman,
  2. A Patino,
  3. M G Delgado,
  4. L Byrne,
  5. B Denham,
  6. M De Arce
  1. Department of Genetics, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.


    We have found records of 1014 Irish cystic fibrosis patients alive by December 1994, belonging to 883 families. Prevalence in the population is 1/3475 and incidence at birth 1/1461, with a gene frequency of 2.6%. Twenty percent of the patients are aged over 20 years, but at present survival rate falls rapidly after that age. We have identified 85% of the mutations on the CFTR gene in a sample of 29% of the families (506 CF chromosomes). Mutation delta F508 is found in 72% of Irish CF chromosomes, G551D in 6.9%, and R117H in 2%. These are the highest frequencies reported for the latter two mutations world wide. Another seven mutations are found in an additional 4% of CF families. We present new microsatellite haplotype data that could be useful for genetic counselling of CF families bearing some of the 15% of CF mutations still unidentified, and comment on possible uses of our database.

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