Article Text

Download PDFPDF
The fragile X syndrome in a large family. III. Investigations on linkage of flanking DNA markers with the fragile site Xq27.
  1. H Veenema,
  2. N J Carpenter,
  3. E Bakker,
  4. M H Hofker,
  5. A M Ward,
  6. P L Pearson


    In a large family with the fragile X syndrome, we performed linkage investigations with six probes, detecting RFLPs at both sides of the fragile site Xq27. The nearest flanking markers were cX55.7 (DXS105) on the centromeric side (theta = 0.04, lod 5.0) and St14 (DXS52) on the telomeric side (theta = 0.08, lod 4.0). Non-penetrance could be shown by the presence of the grandpaternal X chromosome in three mentally retarded fra(X) positive males. A second non-penetrant male in this family had inherited an abnormal grandmaternal X chromosome. His carrier mother had two retarded fra(X) positive brothers. Intermediate between the non-penetrant and fully penetrant males was a non-retarded male, who expressed the fragile site in 6% of his cells. His X chromosome showed the same polymorphisms as were found in his seven severely retarded brothers. In five fra(X) negative females the presence of an abnormal X chromosome could be demonstrated. Despite the existence of non-penetrance in this pedigree, there was no close linkage between a factor IX polymorphism and the fragile site (theta = 0.16, lod 1.9). However, in six descendants of a non-penetrant male, the change to penetrance appeared to be accompanied by a low recombination frequency for flanking markers.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.