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Spontaneous and mutagen induced sister chromatid exchange in multiple sclerosis.
  1. Vijayalaxmi,
  2. M S Newton,
  3. C M Steel,
  4. H J Evans,
  5. B Pentland


    Spontaneous and mutagen induced sister chromatid exchange (SCE) frequencies have been studied in nine patients with multiple sclerosis and in nine age and sex matched healthy controls. The incidence of spontaneous SCE in lymphocytes of the MS patients was significantly greater, by about 50%, than in those of the control subjects. When exposed to mitomycin C (MMC) or ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) in vitro, cells from both groups showed typical dose dependent increases in SCE frequency, with yields from MS patients slightly higher than from controls. The higher SCE yields in mutagen treated MS cells relative to controls is considered to reflect initial basal differences between the cell types, so that MS cells are not intrinsically hypersensitive to mutagen treatment.

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