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The penta-X syndrome.
  1. A Monheit,
  2. U Francke,
  3. B Saunders,
  4. K L Jones


    A child is presented with a 49,XXXXX chromosomal constitution bringing to 12 the total number of children described with this karyotype. Comparison of this child's features with previously reported cases indicates a clinically recognisable specific pattern of malformations referred to as the penta-X syndrome. X chromosome replication studies using BrdU labelling in the patient's cells clearly showed that the four presumably inactive X chromosomes were late replicating but not in a strictly synchronous fashion.

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