Background Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited cardiac disease (1/500) and the most common cause of sudden cardiac death in young people. Pathogenic mutation detection of HCM is having a growing impact on the medical management of patients and their families. However, the remarkable genetic and allelic heterogeneity makes molecular analysis by conventional methods very time-consuming, expensive and difficult to realise in a routine diagnostic molecular laboratory.
Method and results The authors used their custom DNA resequencing array which interrogates all possible single-nucleotide variants on both strands of all exons (n=160), splice sites and 5′-untranslated region of 12 HCM genes (27 000 nucleotides). The results for 122 unrelated patients with HCM are presented. Thirty-three known or novel potentially pathogenic heterozygous single-nucleotide variants were identified in 38 patients (31%) in genes MYH7, MYBPC3, TNNT2, TNNI3, TPM1, MYL3 and ACTC1.
Conclusions Although next-generation sequencing will replace all large-scale sequencing platforms for inherited cardiac disorders in the near future, this HCM resequencing array is currently the most rapid, cost-effective and reasonably efficient technology for first-tier mutation screening of HCM in clinical practice. Because of its design, the array is also an appropriate tool for initial screening of other inherited forms of cardiomyopathy.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- genetic testing
- resequencing array
- cardiovascular medicine
- diagnostics tests
- genetic screening/counselling
- molecular genetics
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Competing interests None.
Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the University Hospitals of Geneva.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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