Disseminated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is exceedingly rare in children. SCC occurs after immunodeficiency from immunosuppression in organ transplant recipients or patients with HIV infection or leukaemia, but has not been reported in primary immunodeficiencies other than epidermodysplasia verruciformis. Interferon γ receptor 2 (IFNγR2) deficiency is an exceedingly rare primary immunodeficiency, conferring almost selective predisposition to mycobacterial diseases. A disseminated, cutaneous SCC is described that occurred in a patient homozygous for a novel frameshift deletion at positions 949 and 950 (949delTG) in the IFNGR2 gene. The patient first presented at 1 year of age with disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection, with later infections of atypical mycobacteria (Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium porcium). At 17 years of age, the patient developed multifocal SCC lesions on the face and both hands. Histopathological examination revealed well differentiated SCC. Despite local tumour excision, multiple lesions occurred and a large SCC on the right arm required amputation. The patient died at 20 years of age of disseminated SCC. Inherited disorders of IFNγ mediated immunity may predispose patients to SCC.
- Immunology (including allergy)
- infectious disease
- Received 4 August 2009
- Revised 10 December 2009
- Accepted 8 January 2010
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Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Mie University.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.