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A triplication of the Williams–Beuren syndrome region in a patient with mental retardation, a severe expressive language delay, behavioural problems and dysmorphisms
  1. Gea Beunders1,
  2. Jiddeke M van de Kamp1,
  3. Reinier H Veenhoven2,
  4. Johanna M van Hagen1,
  5. Aggie W M Nieuwint1,
  6. Erik A Sistermans1
  1. 1VU University Medical Center, Department of Clinical Genetics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Spaarne Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Erik A Sistermans, VU University Medical Center, van der Boechorststraat 7, J376, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands; e.sistermans{at}vumc.nl

Abstract

Background Intrachromosomal triplications are rare chromosomal rearrangements. In most triplication cases the phenotype is similar to, but more severe than observed in patients with a duplication of the same region. The Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) region on 7q11.23, is prone to chromosomal rearrangements. A common deletion causes the well-characterised Williams-Beuren syndrome. The reciprocal duplication has been described in 27 families only, and is associated with a variable phenotype, including speech delay with (mild) mental retardation, autism and mild dysmorphic features. As the duplication of the WBS region is sometimes found inunaffected parents, initially some doubts have been raised about the pathogenicity of the duplication.

Results and methods We here describe the first triplication of a large part of the WBS region, detected with array CGH and confirmed by MLPA and FISH. The phenotypic features include mental retardation, a severe expressive language delay, behavioural problems and dysmorphisms.

Conclusion These features are remarkably similar, but seem more severe, compared to features seen in duplication patients. Therefore, our findings support the idea that an amplification of the WBS region is a disease-causing event, although the penetrance might be incomplete.

  • Triplication
  • 7q11.23
  • language development disorders
  • Williams–Beuren syndrome
  • clinical genetics
  • neurology

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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