Article Text

PDF
Expansion in size of a terminal deletion: a paradigm shift for parental follow-up studies
  1. S T South1,2,
  2. A F Rope1,
  3. A N Lamb1,2,3,
  4. E Aston1,
  5. N Glaus1,
  6. H Whitby1,
  7. T Maxwell1,
  8. X L Zhu1,
  9. A R Brothman1,2,3,4
  1. 1
    Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
  2. 2
    ARUP Laboratories 500 Chipeta Way, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
  3. 3
    Department of Pathology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
  4. 4
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
  1. Dr S T South, ARUP Laboratories, 500 Chipeta Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108-1221, USA; sarah.south{at}aruplab.com

Abstract

Background: Parental studies are often necessary subsequent to the identification of a chromosome abnormality. The recommended studies are based on assumptions about how chromosome rearrangements occur. One such assumption is that deletion size is stable through generations.

Results: We have identified a family where a small subtelomeric deletion in a phenotypically and cytogenetically normal mother expanded nearly 10-fold into a clinically consequential and cytogenetically visible deletion in her affected daughter.

Conclusion: Traditional parental follow-up studies would have not identified this expansion, but would have rather classified the deletion in the daughter as either de novo or benign. Only by sizing the deletion by array comparative genomic hybridisation in both the mother and the daughter was the expansion recognised. Previous assumptions about chromosome behaviour suggest that this phenomenon may have been easily missed in other cases of chromosomal deletions. Therefore, this case illustrates the need for more comprehensive analyses of parental chromosome structure when characterising an abnormality in a child.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

  • Ethics approval: This study was approved by the university’s institutional review board.

  • Patient consent: Informed consent was obtained from the patient and family members for publication of their details in this report.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.