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The Shwachman–Bodian–Diamond syndrome gene mutations cause a neonatal form of spondylometaphysial dysplasia (SMD) resembling SMD Sedaghatian type
  1. Gen Nishimura1,2,
  2. Eiji Nakashima1,3,
  3. Yuichiro Hirose3,
  4. Trevor Cole4,
  5. Phillip Cox5,
  6. Daniel H Cohn6,
  7. David L Rimoin6,
  8. Ralph S Lachman6,
  9. Yoshinari Miyamoto3,
  10. Bronwyn Kerr7,
  11. Sheila Unger7,
  12. Hirofumi Ohashi1,9,
  13. Andrea Superti-Furga8,
  14. Shiro Ikegawa1,3
  1. 1Japanese Skeletal Dysplasia Consortium, Tokyo, Japan
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Kiyose Children’s Hospital, Kiyose, Japan
  3. 3Laboratory for Bone and Joint Diseases, SNP Research Center, RIKEN, Tokyo, Japan
  4. 4Department of Clinical Genetics, Birmingham Women’s Hospital, Birmingham, UK
  5. 5Department of Pathology, Birmingham Women’s Hospital, Birmingham, UK
  6. 6Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
  7. 7Academic Unit of Medical Genetics and Regional Genetic Service, Central Manchester and Manchester Children’s Hospitals University NHS Trust, Manchester, UK
  8. 8Centre for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Freiburg University Hospital, Freiburg, Germany
  9. 9Division of Medical Genetics, Saitama Children’s Medical Center, Iwatsuki, Japan
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr S Ikegawa
 Laboratory for Bone and Joint Diseases, SNP Research Center, RIKEN, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan; sikegawa{at}ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Abstract

The Shwachman–Bodian–Diamond syndrome (SBDS) gene is a causative gene for Shwachman–Diamond syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, bone marrow dysfunction and skeletal dysplasia. We report here on two patients with skeletal manifestations at the severest end of the phenotypic spectrum of SBDS mutations. An 11-year-old Japanese girl presented with neonatal respiratory failure necessitating lifelong ventilation support, severe short stature and severe developmental delay. She developed neutropenia in infancy, and decreased serum amylase was noted in childhood. A British boy was a stillbirth with pulmonary hypoplasia and hepatic fibrosis found on autopsy. Both cases had neonatal skeletal manifestations that included platyspondyly, lacy iliac crests and severe metaphysial dysplasia, and thus did not fall in the range of the known Shwachman–Diamond syndrome skeletal phenotype but resembled spondylometaphysial dysplasia (SMD) Sedaghatian type. The girl harboured a recurrent mutation (183TA→CT) and a novel missense mutation (79T→C), whereas the boy carried two recurrent mutations (183TA→CT and 258+2T→C). We also examined SBDS in one typical case with SMD Sedaghantian type and eight additional cases with neonatal SMD, but failed to discover SBDS mutations. Our experience expands the phenotypic spectrum of SBDS mutations, which, at its severest end, results in severe neonatal SMD.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

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