A nonsense mutation in the first transmembrane domain of connexin 43 underlies autosomal recessive oculodentodigital syndrome
- 1Faculty of Life Sciences and Dental School, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
- 2Yorkshire Regional Genetic Service, St James’s University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds, UK
- Correspondence to: Professor Michael J Dixon Faculty of Life Sciences and Dental School, Michael Smith Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK;
- Received 3 August 2005
- Accepted 15 November 2005
- Revised 11 November 2005
Background: Oculodentodigital syndrome (ODD) is a pleiotropic congenital disorder characterised by abnormalities of the face, eyes, dentition, and limbs. ODD, which is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, results from missense mutations in the gap junction protein connexin 43.
Objective: To analyse a family with a history of ODD which is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner
Results: ODD in this family resulted from the homozygous mutation R33X in the first transmembrane domain of connexin 43.
Conclusions: The findings provide clear genetic evidence that ODD can be inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and that a dominant negative mechanism underlies autosomal dominant ODD.
Conflicts of interest: none declared