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Highly significant linkage to chromosome 3q13.31 for rhinitis and related allergic diseases
  1. C Brasch-Andersen1,
  2. A Haagerup2,
  3. A D Børglum3,
  4. J Vestbo4,
  5. T A Kruse1
  1. 1Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Genetics, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  2. 2Department of Paediatrics, County Hospital, Sygehus Viborg, Skejby, Denmark
  3. 3Institute of Human Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
  4. 4Danish Epidemiology Science Center, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr C Brasch-Andersen
 Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Genetics, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; charlotte.b.andersen{at}ouh.fyns-amt.dk

Abstract

Background: Allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis have closely related phenotypes and often occur with atopy. They show strong familial and intra-individual clustering, suggesting overlapping disease aetiology. Various loci and candidate genes have been suggested to underlie allergy. Many or all are still inconclusive. Following genome-wide scans on multiple phenotypes, we previously suggested that chromosome 3q13.12–q21.2 harbours an allergy locus.

Objective: To identify candidate loci in the Danish population, two additional independent sets of sib-pair families were fine-scale mapped in candidate regions showing maximum likelihood scores (MLS) ⩾1.5 in the genome-wide scans.

Results: Twenty eight microsatellite markers in a denser map on chromosome 3q were analysed in 236 allergy sib-pair families including 125 sib pairs with rhinitis. We report significant evidence for linkage to chromosome 3q13.31 for rhinitis (MLS 5.55, identity by descent (IBD) 63.9%) and atopy (increased specific immunoglobulin E) (MLS 3.71, IBD 61.7%). We obtained an MLS of 5.1 (IBD 67.3%) at 3q13.31 when sib pairs with both rhinitis and atopy were analysed.

Conclusion: This study reports the first statistically significant evidence for a genetic susceptibility locus for rhinitis and to our knowledge shows the most significant evidence to date of linkage for any allergy phenotype.

  • IBD, identity by descent
  • IgE, immunoglobulin E
  • MLS, maximum likelihood score
  • atopy
  • complex trait
  • genetics
  • linkage
  • rhinitis

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Footnotes

  • This project has been funded by the Danish Allergy Research Centre; the Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark; the Hørslev Foundation; the Danish Lung Foundation; and the E. & H. Alstrups Foundation

  • Competing interests: none declared

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