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Analysis of RUNX1 binding site and RAPTOR polymorphisms in psoriasis: no evidence for association despite adequate power and evidence for linkage
  1. P Stuart1,
  2. R P Nair1,
  3. G R Abecasis2,
  4. I Nistor1,
  5. R Hiremagalore1,
  6. N V Chia1,
  7. Z S Qin2,
  8. R A Thompson1,
  9. S Jenisch3,
  10. M Weichenthal4,
  11. J Janiga5,
  12. H W Lim5,
  13. E Christophers4,
  14. J J Voorhees1,
  15. J T Elder1,6
  1. 1Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  2. 2Center for Statistical Genetics, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  3. 3Department of Immunology, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
  4. 4Department of Dermatology, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
  5. 5Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA
  6. 6Department of Dermatology, Ann Arbor VA Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 James T Elder
 3312 CCGC, Box 0932, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0932, USA; jelder{at}umich.edu

Abstract

Background: A previous study identified two peaks of allelic association between psoriasis and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) mapping to distal chromosome 17q, including a disease associated SNP that leads to loss of a RUNX1 transcription factor binding site, and additional SNPs in the third intron of the RAPTOR gene. Another study found an association with SNPs in the RAPTOR gene, but not with the RUNX1 binding site polymorphism.

Methods: In an effort to confirm these observations, we genotyped 579 pedigrees containing 1285 affected individuals for three SNPs immediately flanking and including the RUNX1 binding site, and for three SNPs in the RAPTOR gene.

Results: Here we report further evidence for linkage to distal chromosome 17q, with a linkage peak mapping 1.7 cM distal to the RUNX1 binding site (logarithm of the odds 2.26 to 2.73, depending upon statistic used). However, we found no evidence for association to individual SNPs or haplotypes in either of the previously identified peaks of association. Power analysis demonstrated 80% power to detect significant association at genotype relative risks of 1.2 (additive and multiplicative models) to 1.5 (dominant and recessive models) for the RUNX1 binding site, and 1.3 to 1.4 for the RAPTOR locus under all models except dominant.

Conclusions: Our data provide no support for the previously identified RUNX1 binding site or for the RAPTOR locus as genetic determinants of psoriasis, despite evidence for linkage of psoriasis to distal chromosome 17q.

  • FBAT, family based association test
  • GRR, genotype relative risk
  • GRR1, genotype relative risk for test allele heterozygotes
  • GRR2, genotype relative risk for test allele homozygotes
  • LD, linkage disequilibrium
  • LOD, logarithm of the odds
  • PDT, pedigree disequilibrium test
  • PSORS2, psoriasis susceptibility 2
  • SNP, single nucleotide polymorphism
  • %T, percent transmission
  • TDT, transmission/disequilibrium test
  • association
  • linkage
  • psoriasis
  • RAPTOR
  • RUNX1

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Footnotes

  • Published Online First 27 May 2005

  • This work was supported by the Ann Arbor VA Hospital (JTE), by awards (R01 AR 042742 and R01 AR 050511) from the National Institutes of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases, National Institutes of Health (JTE, RN, PS), and by an award (Grant 01 GS 0171) from the National Genome Research Network, Germany (SJ, MW)

  • Competing interests: none declared

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