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Linkage and association of the HLA gene complex with IDDM in 81 Danish families: strong linkage between DR beta 1Lys71+ and IDDM.
  1. M Zamani,
  2. F Pociot,
  3. M Spaepen,
  4. P Raeymaekers,
  5. J Nerup,
  6. J J Cassiman
  1. Centre for Human Genetics, University of Leuven, Belgium.

    Abstract

    Many studies have shown an association of IDDM with polymorphisms in the HLA region on chromosome 6p21. Previously our case-control study in the Belgian population showed significant association between IDDM and certain HLA class II alleles, in particular Lys71+, encoding DRB1 alleles. In the present study, 81 Danish multiplex IDDM families and 82 healthy Danish controls were examined for polymorphisms in the HLA-DRB genes and 54 of the 81 families for polymorphisms in HLA-B, -DQA1, -DQB1, -TNFA, and -TNFB genes. The results confirm our previous studies in the Belgian population and show that DRB1Lya71+/+ homozygotes have a relative risk (RR) of 103.5. Linkage between IDDM and DRB1 alleles that encode Lys71+ was shown by affected zib pair analysis which showed strong linkage (p < 1 x 10(-6). By family based association studies, the DRB1Lys71+ was identified as the allale which increased susceptibility to develop IDDM most in the HLA region (haplotype relative risk = 8.38). Haplotype analysis confirmed the increased risk contributed by DRB1Lys71+ alleles and in addition showed that DRB1Lys71- provides protection against IDDM even in the presence of DQB1Aep47-. These results indicate that DRB1Lys71+ screening is a powerful test compared to full HLA typing to determine the risk for a random person to develop IDDM in the Danish population, with an even higher probability than shown previously for the Belgians.

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