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Otofaciocervical syndrome: a sporadic patient supports splitting from the branchio-oto-renal syndrome
  1. Bruno Dallapiccola,
  2. Rita Mingarelli
  1. Department of Public Health and Cell Biology, Tor Vergata University of Rome
  2. CSS Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy

    Abstract

    A sporadic patient with OFC syndrome is described. Distinguishing features were a long face with narrow nose, high arched palate, prominent and dysmorphic ears, long neck, sloping shoulders and clavicles, winged, low, and laterally set scapulae, tetralogy of Fallot, and deafness secondary to cochlear malformation. Some features present in the original family, including lateral cervical fistulae, have suggested that OFC syndrome could be a variant of BOR syndrome. The absence of preauricular tags, lacrimal duct stenosis, and renal malformations, and the presence of distinct facial and radiographic findings and markedly downward sloping shoulders in the present patient support OFC syndrome being a unique, clinically recognisable entity.

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