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Study of the Huntington's disease (HD) gene CAG repeats in schizophrenic patients shows overlap of the normal and HD affected ranges but absence of correlation with schizophrenia.
  1. D C Rubinsztein,
  2. J Leggo,
  3. S Goodburn,
  4. T J Crow,
  5. R Lofthouse,
  6. L E DeLisi,
  7. D E Barton,
  8. M A Ferguson-Smith
  1. East Anglian Regional Genetics Service, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.

    Abstract

    The CAG repeats in the Huntington's disease gene were investigated in chromosomes from 71 unrelated schizophrenic persons and 18 patients with schizoaffective disorder in order to determine if any of these patients had abnormal expansions. All of the probands had repeat sizes in the normal range (< 35 repeats) and there was no significant difference between the allele distributions of these patients and the normal controls. The families of two patients with 32 repeats and one patient with 34 repeats were investigated further and showed no uniform segregation of the disease with the large repeat alleles. The proband with 34 repeats inherited a chromosome that originally had 36 repeats in her father. The presence of 36 CAG repeats in members of her family and in HD patients suggests that there is an overlap between the normal and Huntington's disease CAG repeat size ranges. The more recently described CCG polymorphism in this gene was also examined in the schizophrenic and schizoaffective persons. All patients had alleles in the normal range.

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