A genetic component in the aetiology of infantile pyloric stenosis (PS) is well established. Segregation analysis is compatible with a multifactorial sex modified threshold model of inheritance but a major gene of low penetrance has not been excluded. PS has been reported to occur in 57% (four of seven) of cases with duplication of chromosome 9q11-q33. Twenty families with PS were studied using genetic markers at loci D9S55, D9S111, D9S15, D9S12, D9S56, D9S59, and ASS from this region of chromosome 9. Pairwise lod scores of -2 were obtained with all these markers at recombination fractions greater or equal to 0.04 under both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive models of inheritance. This provides evidence against the existence of a major locus predisposing to PS within chromosome 9q11-q33.
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