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A complex rearrangement associated with sex reversal and the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome: a cytogenetic and molecular study.
  1. K Coles,
  2. M Mackenzie,
  3. J Crolla,
  4. J Harvey,
  5. J Starr,
  6. F Howard,
  7. P Jacobs
  1. Wessex Regional Genetics Laboratory, Salisbury District Hospital.

    Abstract

    We report a male infant referred with multiple congenital abnormalities consistent with the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome. Cytogenetic analysis showed a chromosome complement of 46,XX with a deletion of 4p15.2----4pter and its replacement by material of unknown origin. The patient was positive for a number of Yp probes including SRY, the testis determining factor, and in situ hybridisation localised the Yp material to the tip of the short arm of one X chromosome. Using pDP230, a probe for the pseudoautosomal region, and M27 beta, which recognises a locus in proximal Xp, the material translocated on to 4p was identified as originating from the short arm of the paternal X chromosome. The most reasonable explanation for this complex rearrangement is two separate exchange events involving both chromatids of Xp during paternal meiosis. An aberrant X-Y interchange gave rise to the sex reversal and an X;4 translocation resulted in additional, apparently active Xp material and a deletion of 4p which produced the Wolf-Hirschhorn phenotype.

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