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Detection and characterisation of an overmodified type III collagen by analysis of non-cutaneous connective tissues in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome IV.
  1. L Nuytinck,
  2. P Narcisi,
  3. A Nicholls,
  4. J P Renard,
  5. F M Pope,
  6. A De Paepe
  1. Centre for Medical Genetics, University of Gent, Belgium.

    Abstract

    The clinical and biochemical observations in a patient with a mild form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV are described. The patient's skin fibroblasts produced markedly diminished amounts of type III collagen. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of collagens produced by cells obtained from other, non-cutaneous tissues showed two forms of collagen alpha 1(III) chains, a normal and a slow migrating, mutant form. Further analysis confirmed that the type III collagen molecules containing mutant alpha chains which were overmodified had a lower thermal stability and were poorly secreted into the extracellular medium. The protein defect was mapped by in situ cyanogen bromide digestion and was located in alpha 1(III) CB9, the C-terminal peptide of the collagen triple helix. This study shows that non-cutaneous connective tissues can be a useful source for the study of type III collagen defects in patients with EDS type IV.

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