We report a family in which dominant osteogenesis imperfecta segregates with a COL1A2 haplotype and is associated with a structural defect in the helical region of the type I procollagen molecule. All affected subjects had short stature, dentinogenesis imperfecta, and myopia; however, great differences were observed in the number of fractures and in the degree of bone deformity. Identical biochemical changes were found in the type I collagen molecules synthesised by fibroblasts of subjects with severe or minimal bone fragility. These results confirm that mutations in the triple helical region of alpha 2(I) chains produce a milder phenotype than analogous mutations in the alpha 1(I) chains, but indicate that, in addition to defects in the type I collagen molecule, other factors may modulate the degree of bone involvement in osteogenesis imperfecta.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.