The proteinase inhibitor null (Pi-) allele is a rare cause of alpha 1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency. In three families, all the subjects with AAT deficiency due to PiZ- presented in early childhood with recurrent chest infections and wheezing presumably related to passive smoking. In Pi- the AAT gene is present and there is no evidence for a gene deletion. In one family a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) detected with the enzyme XbaI segregates with the Pi- allele. In a family where a consanguineous marriage occurred, the XbaI polymorphism segregates with the normal M1 allele rather than Pi-, suggesting that Pi- may have originated from M1. In contrast, a third family and 20 normal unrelated subjects do not show the RFLP.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.