The frequencies of four major red cell genetic defects, sickle haemoglobin (Hb S), glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD), and alpha and beta thalassaemia, have been determined in nearly 5000 subjects from the three major Peninsular Arab States, namely Yemen (North and South), the United Arab Emirates, and Oman. All four defects are common with an overall pattern of alpha thalassaemia greater than G6PD deficiency greater than beta thalassaemia greater than Hb A/S. However, the frequencies of these within each state varies and they are, respectively, Oman: 0.389, 0.328, 0.024, and 0.038; the United Arab Emirates: 0.165, 0.087, 0.017, and 0.019; and Yemen: 0.065, 0.062, 0.0624, and 0.0095. Two, namely alpha thalassaemia and G6PD deficiency, are extremely common, but in spite of this there appears to be a lack of observed clinical disease. For example, Hb H disease and Barts hydrops fetalis were not seen and the oxidative haemolytic syndromes are rare.
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